PICO scheme: The method for systematic and structured literature research 

“Follow the PICO scheme.” This is the recommendation of many auditors and reviewers, as well as some regulatory documents (such as MDCG guidelines and MEDDEV 2.7/1 rev.4), regarding precise medical literature searches.  Read in this article,  1. PICO scheme: The basics  1.1 Definition  The topic is structured according to four aspects:     Aspect  Explanation  P …

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Regulatory requirements for medical devices with machine learning

The incorporation of AI in medical devices has made great strides, for example, in the diagnosis of disease. Manufacturers of devices with machine learning face the challenge of having to demonstrate compliance of their devices with the regulations. Even if you know the law – what are the standards and best practices to consider in…

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Why you should consider clinical studies in Australia 

Conducting clinical studies in Australia is not on the radar of many medical device manufacturers. However, good reasons exist to consider this continent for clinical studies or investigations. Yet manufacturers should also be aware of Australia’s regulatory requirements and specific disadvantages. 1. Advantages and disadvantages of clinical studies in Australia 1.1 Advantages of clinical studies…

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Understanding and avoiding deviations and nonconformities

Deviations, nonconformities, errors, findings, observations, and other terms are often used mistakenly synonymously. Even standards explicitly contradict each other when defining individual terms. This article clarifies, 1. Nonconformities: The basics 1.1 Definitions 1.1.1 Nonconformity ISO 9000:2015 defines nonconformity as “non-fulfilment of a requirement.” It equates this term with “error.” ISO 13485 contradicts this. This standard…

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MDR transition periods

In Article 120, the MDR establishes its transitional provisions, including the transition periods. However, the descriptions of these transitional provisions and transition periods are worded in a very complex manner. As a result, manufacturers are at risk of misunderstanding them and therefore not complying with regulatory requirements or incurring unnecessary costs. A flow chart in chapter 2 of this article…

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The EU regulates medical laboratories – Are Laboratory Developed Tests still allowed?

This article will help you ensure that you will still be able to offer in-house IVD (also called Laboratory Developed Tests, LDTs) under the IVDR and will explain the three options open to you avoiding legal disputes. In-house IVD are a type of in vitro diagnostic test. But do regulatory requirements such as the IVDR also…

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Harmonized standards: Evidence for medical device manufacturers

Most manufacturers use harmonized standards to demonstrate the conformity of their devices with the general safety and performance requirements. This also applies to medical device manufacturers, for example. 1. Standards and harmonized standards a) Definitions and more EU Regulation 1025/2012 defines the term harmonized standard. Standards are documents written by national or international standardization commissions…

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Clinical affairs manager in the medical device industry

Clinical affairs managers play an essential role in demonstrating the safety, performance, and benefits of a medical device. They operate at the interface between science and regulation. This article sheds light on the multifaceted role of these experts: tasks and challenges, as well as earning and career opportunities. 1. Tasks of clinical affairs managers Clinical…

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